sábado, 22 de agosto de 2009

House of Caboga




Coat-of-arms of the House of Caboga

The House of Caboga (often transliterated into "Kaboga") were a noble family from the Republic of Dubrovnik ("Kaboga" is the Slavic Dubrovnikan, i.e. Croatian, "Caboga" is the Italian rendering). Given their considerable family size, economic power, the social and political status, they may be said to have been among the better-off noble families, one of the most recognized and oldest in the Republic of Dubrovnik, originating from the 8th century. Many of its members were Rectors (illiric: knez) of the Republic. The Austrian Empire recognized its long-standing nobility in 1818 and 1833 with the grade of Count.

Contents


Origins of the Caboga family

Biagio Filip Count Caboga
Henrik Count Caboga
Hugo Seyffertitz

It cannot be said with certainty what the relationship of the family later known as Caboga was with Marina Hobužić, who was mentioned once in 1253 as a member of the Great Council (Veliko Vijeće). But all of the Cabogas at the end of the 13th and from the 14th centuries spring from Džore, who is not personally mentioned in the sources and who had already died before 1282, and his wife Draga. Frequently mentioned in the records of the Dubrovnik chancellery in 1281 and 1282, however, are Draga and her sons Mihael (Miho), the cleric Dživo, as well as Marino and Biagio. Draga, besides this, is mentioned exclusively as the "Uxor quondam Georgii de Disica", and her sons primarily as the "filii qu. Džore Dišić" At the same time, her sons Mihajlo, Dživo, the priest, and Marin are mentioned under the name Kaboga. Mihajlo is explicitly mentioned several times as the son of Džore Caboga.[1]

Vlaho, the youngest brother, is mentioned in the books of Dubrovnik's chancellery later, after the name Kabužić took hold and the name Dišić was no longer being used. In 1297, he is also explicitly named as Biagio Džore Caboga. Tomasina filia qu Džore Dišić, who in 1283 married Palma Bisti Ghetaldi, appears again in 1325 in the last well and testament of Džono Caboga. Therefore, given such an absolute agreement of all the facts, there is no doubt that the Caboga and Dišić families of 1281 and 1282 are the same.

Miho Džore Caboga (1280-1286) appears to be the oldest brother. In 1281 he received a part of the money that belonged to him from his father's estate. At the same time, Marin and Dživo, as well as the minor Biagio, continued to live together with their mother and Marino took care of the business. FN 5, p. 167. Among other things, Miho defined his brother, the priest Johannes, as his procurator.

Three branches of the Caboga family spring from the brothers Mihael (Miho), Marino, and Biagio. All three few in numbers, but all three still existed in the second half of the 15th century. Of all of them, Marin's descendants, and especially his son Jure (1310-1368) and his grandson Nikola Jurov Caboga (1348-1373) carried on the most energetic activity in public life during the 14th century. Besides these were Biagio (1282-1333) and his sons, Dživo (1330-1340) and Mihael (1332-1366). They were regularly members of the Vijeće Umoljenih, especially Vlaho, and at the same time Jure, Niko and Miše. Many times they were chosen to be the "sapientes", and almost every other year during the middle of the century one Caboga in the Malo Vijeće, that is as an iudex. From around 1360, Nikola several times carried out diplomatic assignments: in 1360 and 1363 he went to the King of Hungary. In 1362 he took part in peace negotiations in Kotor. Until his death in 1373, he was regularly an iudex and four times rector." (Note that this means he was influential during Dubrovnik's final break with Venice.)[1]

Biagio and his descendants occupied themselves primarily in the grain trade. In 1292, Biagio appears as a witness in Ancona. In 1313, he appears in Durrës. In 1329, a certain amount of oats were taken from him in Ulcinj. In 1330, together with this son Dživo, he accepted 100 salmaa of wheat from one Florentine commercial company, from these same Florentines, he received three months later a credit of 450 perpers. His sons continued this grain trade. Dživo was sent in 1330, together with M. Cerva, as the Općinski sinkik(?) to Constantinople for the purchase of wheat. In September 1335, Džive sold 670 "stara ječma" from the new harvest to a merchant from Bar. At the end of October of the same year, he took on an obligation to supply Dubrovnik with at least 500 "stara" of wheat by January or February. On January 28, 1336, he delivered 673 stara of wheat. It appears that at the beginning, he did not have exceptional wealth. When, for example, he invested money in some commercial societas (corporation?), he did so in quite small amounts.[1]

In 1335, together with Orsat Cerva, he became an associate(?) (socius) of Džono Giorgi when Giorgi undertook a zakup (commission) the doana maior for 10,000 perpers. Dživo Caboga and Orsato Cerva took on the obligation that they would to Džono Giorgi "cum eorum personis stare et servire" to the end of the year. For this they would receive the right to half of the profit while undertaking only 20% each of the potential loss. Dživo Bona's brother, Petar (1318-1346) also bought wheat on order of the Općina (in 1326, 1339, 1340, 1345). In 1345 he went as an emissary "ad regem Cicille". In December 1328 he accepted a sum of 60 "salmi" of beans from Barleta. The third brother of Miho, Vlaho Caboga (1322-1366) was sent by the government in June 1361 to Apulia (Manfredonia, Barleta and other places) to purchase grain. He was explicitly told that he was to remain in Apulia until the Općina told him to return and that he was not to undertake any business affairs on anyone else's behalf. Only when he was personally in question was he permitted to leave; "de quibus tuis denariis possis facere omnes mercationes, que tibi placuerint, dalvo de blado." He was allowed to buy wheat for himself only "pro usu domus tue".[1]

In another set of orders that related to the same, it was said "quod possit vendere de pannis suis." Only in March 1362 did they call him to return. IN the meantime, the government several times sent him money for purchases, as well as letters with a wide variety of orders. He had to purchase barley, then "100 salme de fave nove, 200 staria de biscoto." On another occasion he had to purchase 1000 libre "de carne de porco salata"; then "salme mille de frumento"; besides this he had to attempt to get to Barleti, to "lo imperador de Bulgaria" and to him to "recomendar li fatti del comun ed deli merchatanti de Ragusa." In 1382, after his death, there were in the basement of his house 1260 Dubrovnik modija of salt.[1]

During the military operations of the 80s, Mihail's son, Marin (1363-1409), was often named as the supplier of bread and melba toast (rations) for the galleys as well as the official responsible for the preparation of melba toast (rations). He apparently dealt in oil, cheese and tallow candles (lojanica). In 1394, Marin lived in Venice as a "factor" of Dubrovnik. Among other things, this Marin was married a second time to Margarita Nikole Caboga (1383-1423), that is to his own relative, the daughter of his own second cousin (or second first-cousin, orig: drugi bratić) (the grandfather of Džore Marinov Caboga), who was married a first time with Lampret Zrijev. She was the mother of Marin's son Danijel and carried the nickname "Colona biancha". At the beginning of the 80s, Marin was a candidate for the Malo Vijeće, but he was not elected. From 1397, however, he was selected to be rector several times. Mihael (Miho) Marin Caboga (1397-1428), Marin's son from his first marriage, became the protovestijar of Herceg Hrvoje.[1]

The information about the descendants of the other branches of the family. In 1350, Jure Caboga received oil valued at 322 perpera from Romaldus de Bari. In 1356, his son Nikola (1348-1373) delivered Albanian wheat to Džore Jače Giorgi. Several times he had to resort to the legal system to pry debts from his debtors. These amounts were at times relatively large. Nikola Jure Caboga was married for a second time with Dechussa, the daughter of the Venetian Andrea Dulfina. Her mother, Rada (orig. Rade), was a citizen of Dubrovnik, and through her she was related to the Menče, Giorgi, and Gondola families. On the basis of various facts about relations in the last will and testament, it is almost possible to assume that her mother Rade was the daughter of Džono Damjan Gundulić and Deje Medozi Drago from Kotor. If that is the case, she, before entering into a marriage with the Venetian Andrea Dulfina or after that marriage, was the first or second time married to Džono Sorgo. (Note that the plague took hold at this time.)[1]

In relative terms we know the least about Mihael's descendants because they apparently did not stand out either in public life or in commercial activities. Most of the members of this branch died early, so they did not have much chance to stand out. Džono Dživo Caboga( 1341-1363) as well as his wife died in 1363, during a plague epidemic; we know that they were dealers in cloth and leather. Džono Dživo Kaboga left behind a minor son, Dživo Džono Caboga (1372-1396). At the beginning of the 1380s, he was nominated to the Malo Vijeće, but was never elected. For that reason, he shows up only in positions of minor importance. In 1380, he received a license to export 2.5 miljara of iron; but to receive this he had to take on the obligation to import into Dubrovnik 100 stara of wheat (pšenica).

On the contrary, in about 1400, this branch becomes for us especially interesting. The record books of two sons of Dživo Džono Caboga, Nikola and his brother Luka (1396-1437). With Nikola and his descendants this branch of the Caboga family continued on. His brother Luka Caboga was a bastard son of Dživo Džono Caboga. Nikola and Luka worked together in business. Their accounting records are the oldest documents of their time to be preserved in Dubrovnik.[1]

Famous members

The Caboga House in Dubrovnik
  • Giovanni Caboga, *1739 - 1814, he had three children:
    • Frano Biagio Marijan Martin Caboga born in 1781.
    • Bernardo Frano Maria Caboga, general-director, 6 February 1785, Dubrovnik, 19 November 1855, Vienna, married in 1833 with the widow Julianne Wanda of Potočki, 1788, 18 September 1876 in Lemberg, they did not have any children. (The first husbund of Julianne Wanda of Potočki was Count Cajetan of Uruški, 1 June 1817, 5 April 1827.)[2]
    • Biagio Filip Antun Dživo Frano Caboga, senator; Republic of Ragusa 25 May 1774 - 13 May 1854, married in Dubrovnik 26 October 1806 Maria Catarina Saraca, date of born unknown, died in Dubrovnik 11 May 1864. They had three children:
      • Henrik Nikola Bernard Caboga, 1 August 1818 Dubrovnik, + 1 March 1881 Vienna (k.k Kammerers, Majors d. R. Mitgliedes des Herrenhauses MVK) he was the Austrian consul in Jerusalem until his death in 1881. He bought in 1867 at Tantur in Bethlehem the area that was called the Tower of Jacob and Ephrata. There in 1876 the Hospice of the Order of Malta was opened. Married with Helena Ghetaldi 10 June 1837 in Zadar, 24 December 1931 Dubrovnik). They had three children:
        • Marija Bernardina Ana Caboga 20 November 1856 Dubrovnik 19 November 1938, Trieste, married Albert Ritter Conti v. Cedassamare in Trieste 4 June 1853 + 6 April 1900 Trieste, they have five children:
          • Marta Marija Conti v. Cedassamare, born in Trieste 1 February 1883.
          • Petar Maria Ritter Conti v. Cedassamare, born in Trieste 29 June 1884, died (daselbst) 6 April 1886.
          • Justus Maria Ritter Conti v. Cedassamare, born in Trieste 22 November 1885, died (daselbst) 26 March 1886.
          • Albert Ritter Conti v. Cedassamare (also Albert Conti) (Albert Maroje Vlaho Frano Marijan) 29 January 1887, Görz, and died 18 January 1967 in Hollywood, California, USA, was an actor, but first he specialized in law (high school and law college in Graz) and natural science, married with Patricia Cross.
          • Maria Concetta Conti v. Cedassamare, born in Pula on December 5 1892.
        • Ana Marija Enriketa Lujza Caboga 20 June 1858, and died 1944 in Szombathely Hungary, married in Dubrovnik 10 April 1882 with Lucijan v. Ziegler-Pucić, born in Kotor 19 March 1852 (T.d. VizeAdmirals i. R., Eskaderkommandant, 1907-08) died 8 September 1930 Dubrovnik. They had three children:
          • Helena v. Ziegler-Pozza, who born in Pula 3 March 1889 and died Baden, Vienna 2 February 1968, she married Hugo Theobald Alfons Karl Maria Freiherr von Seyffertitz, (KorvKpt. i. R) who born in Brixen 23 September 1885 and died Baden, Vienna 10 June 1966.
          • Teo v. Ziegler-Pozza, date of born unknown, died in Yugoslavia on November 24 1924 (probably he died in 1934 because in 1930 he was still alive), he married Marica v. Kiepach-Haselburg, born in Križevci, Croatia c.1897, after the death of Teo, she moves to Los Angeles, California, USA and died in 1985.
          • Marica v. Ziegler-Pozza, who born in Pula 10 January 1885 and died in Acsád, Hungary 2 February 1964, she married with Charley Masjon, (Linienschiffskapitän), who was born in Graz 19 Nobvember 1871 and died in 1950 in Táplánszentkereszt, Hungary and they had one daughter, Winifred Masjon who was born in Pula 8 June 1911 and died in Keszthely, 14 December 1998 she married with László Harkay (Colonel) and lived in Hungary.
        • Bernard Biagio Maroje Dživo Marijan Caboga 21 April 1863 in Dubrovnik, 10 May 1922 and died in Waltendorf near Graz, Austria, he married Marie Valerie Freiin v. Locatelli, * 4 June 1870 Angoris. He divorced her after a short period of marriage. They did not have any children nor adopted any together.
      • Giovanni Bernard Frano Caboga born 4 April 1808 and died 25 February 1871, k.k kammerer and oberstlietenant, married in October 1838 in Vienna with Wilhelmine v. Privitzer, daughter of Alois v. Privitzer (Comdt.beim General-stabe (Rang 1 November 1880, died in Vienna 1902), they had one daughter.
      • Maria Bernardina Cecilia Vilhemina Caboga, born 27 August 1839.

Gallery

[edit] References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Mahnken, Patricijat, Vol. 1 (pg. 167)
  2. ^ notes Tr.d. Klemens Grafen C. u. d. Magdalena Getaldić; Dubrovnik (9 Jun.1834, - Wien....1916)

Bibliography

  • Heyer v. Rosenfeld, Carl Georg - Der Adel des Königreichs Dalmatien, in Siebmacher Bd. IV, 3. Abteilung, Nürnberg 1873. Caboga - Seite 6, 101, XXII, Tafel 3
  • Stratowa - Wiener Genealogisches Taschenbuch, Kabužić, Band 2, Seite 96 (Namenserwähnung)

External links

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